Many of Mozambique's most popular tourist attractions, such as the Island of Mozambique and the Quirimbas, lie along the long and spectacular coastline. However, the country has a lot to offer those who travel inland. As well as the chance to see impressive sights such as the Cahora Bassa dam, inland regions offer an insight into some of the country's unique local cultures and customs.

Limpopo National Park

Wildlife populations are growing in the Limpopo National Park, which is now linked to South Africa’s Kruger National Park and Zimbabwe’s Gonarezhou National Park to form the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. As more fences come down or are left unrepaired, migratory animals can now roam between parks, as can safari tourists at the Giriyondo Border post.

Agriculture & Famine

A quarter of the population of sub-Saharan Africa is undernourished and famines can impact whole regions.

Land is available to grow more food locally, but investment is needed in  technologies such as irrigation for land to be used effectively. Farmers must also adapt to climate change if they are to feed the continent's rising population.

Cahora Bassa Dam, River Zambezi

Situated along the mighty Zambezi (up to 8km wide in places), the Cahora Bassa Dam is the fifth largest in the world. It was completed in 1974, during the closing period of Portugal’s colonial rule. Much of its electrical output goes to South Africa (and other neighbouring countries). In 2012, Portugal signed over ownership of Cahora Bassa Hyrdo Electric to Mozambique, allowing the dam’s exports to bring in vital foreign revenue.


Africa is a massive continent, with a range of climates. Some regions are hot and dry, like the Sahara, Kalahari and Namib deserts. Other parts are wet or covered in tropical rainforest. Conditions also vary by altitude, from the dry salt pans of the Danakil Depression (one of the lowest points on earth) to the snowcaps (at certain times) of the highest mountains. Weather-wise, Africa has it all!


Around one in six children born in sub-Saharan Africa don't live to see their fifth birthday and life can be tough for those who do.

What are the common challenges facing African children and how do their lives compare with those of children in the UK?

South Africa Map

Explore South Africa

Explore a map of South Africa. Find out more about the most important places in South Africa

Angola map

Explore Angola

Explore the map of Angola and discover more about some of the key places and features of interest.

DR Congo Map

Explore DR Congo

Click the map points and find out more about some of the country's key towns, rivers and wildlife areas, many of which have National Park status.


The capital of Mozambique has an estimated population of 1.65 million. Although Maputo acts as a busy international port, the attractive heart of the city has a relaxed atmosphere, with its wide tree-lined avenues and Mediterranean-style architecture. Many buildings hark back to the Portuguese era, with their characteristic balconies and iron-work balustrades. Close to South Africa, Maputo attracts both businessmen and tourists and boasts a growing economy and nightlife.

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Explore Namibia

Find out more about Namibia’s unique conservation areas and the history behind some of its towns and cities.


The ancient trading town of Tete lies along the great Zambezi river. In centuries past, it provided an important link to the gold fields inland. The famous explorer, David Livingstone, reached as far as Tete during his inland journey along the Zambezi, before his progress was stopped further up the river by the Cahora Bassa rapids. A suspension bridge provides a crossing point over the river at Tete, which is reputed to be one of the hottest places in Mozambique.


Africa has a high number of communicable diseases, which place a huge burden on healthcare systems. The vast majority of malaria cases and HIV/AIDS-related deaths occur in Africa; these two diseases currently represent the greatest threats.

With low investment in healthcare and a severe shortage of medical staff, many countries struggle to meet the health needs of their people.

Tanzania map

Explore Tanzania

Explore some interesting places in Tanzania, including the capital and four of the country’s 40 national parks and game reserves.

Gorongosa National Park

Suffering badly during the civil war, Gorongosa has required assistance to revive its animal populations. The park reopened to the public in 1998 and its wildlife populations are recovering. At the southern end of the Rift Valley, the area is hugely attractive and is of particular interest to birdwatchers. The park boasts over 500 species of birds, including the local green-headed oriole and many species which visit the seasonal wetlands of its floodplains.


The first humans are thought to have lived in Africa and powerful African empires formed from the medieval age onwards.

However, today's African nations were shaped by the European powers who colonised this vast continent. Having gained their independence, many African countries are still coming to terms with the legacy left by their colonisers.


‘People are the real wealth of a nation.’ This is the belief of the United Nations, whose Millenium Development Goals provide a framework for improving the lives of millions.

It helps when nations are peaceful, stable and growing economically. But where even the poorest countries focus on health, education and creating fairer societies, more Africans have the chance of a better life.

Island of Mozambique

The Island of Mozambique has long been a trading centre. 'Mozambique' is said to have come from the Swahili ‘Musa al Big’, the name of an important local Arab. In the early 1500s, a Portuguese settlement was established here. The Island became a centre for the slave trade and served as a capital until the 19th century. With its many historic buildings, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Geography & Wildlife

With its varied geography and diverse habits, the African continent is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Though famous for its 'big game' animals, Africa has huge numbers of fish, mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian and insect species, as well as many tree, plant and flower species.

Games & Sport

Africa is home to arguably the oldest-recorded games and sports. While some are only known through archaeology, modern-day games and sports such as Mancala/Mankala and Nubian wrestling are very much alive today.

Of course, new sports have come along to claim the attention of Africans. You may have heard of one - it's called football.


The plateau around Mueda is home to the Makonde people, who are famed for their incredible woodcarvings and masks. Mueda is a good place to find the Makonde performing their traditional mapiko dance, where men cover themselves with cloth and wear special wooden masks. Click here to go to People & Culture to learn more about the mapiko dance.

Inhambane, Tofo

Inhambane has a long history as a port. It was used by Arab merchants from the 11th century and later by traders of cotton and ivory. Such commodities attracted European, African, Indian and Arabic peoples, giving the area an exotic mix of cultural influences. Today, the town’s colonial-style architecture and beautiful coastline draw many visitors. And off the shores of the peninsula and Tofo beach, the rich marine life – including manta rays, turtles and whale sharks – brings many divers. The province of Inhambane is also known for its tangerines.

Zimbabwe map

Explore Zimbabwe

Find some of the key cities, sites of interest and national parks on this map of Zimbabwe.

Zambia Map

Explore Zambia

Find out about some key places in Zambia, such as Victoria Falls, one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

Malawi map

Explore Malawi

Discover some of Malawi’s most important places and features, such as Lake Malawi, which runs almost the entire length of the country.


Across the rest of the world, absolute poverty has halved over recent decades, but in Africa it has barely fallen.

About two-fifths of the population of sub-Saharan Africa survive week by week on what someone in the UK earns from just one hour's work on the minimum wage.

Lake Niassa

At more than 550km long and up to 75km wide, Lake Niassa (or Nyasa) is Africa’s third largest freshwater lake. Around a quarter of the lake’s area lies within Mozambique, in the remote northern province of Niassa. This region is sometimes called ‘Fim do mundo’ by Mozambicans – ‘the end of the world’. Click here to find out more about Lake Niassa and its fish in Malawi – Geography & Wildlife.

Archipélago das Quirimbas

The over thirty islands and islets of the Archipélago das Quirimbas are an area of outstanding natural beauty. The green islands are bordered by sandy beaches and mangrove forests, which provide unique marine habitats. Established as important Muslim trading centres, the Quirimbas were taken over by the Portuguese in the early 17th century, when Ibo island became their base. The busiest island today is Quirimba. With no inhabitants, the island of Rolas is famous for its giant coconut-eating land crabs.


A woman’s status varies by country and region across Africa. In many parts, women struggle against inequality in laws, education, pay and domestic responsibilities.

Women’s health is also at risk from traditional practices such as early marriage. But with better education, girls can make more informed choices, leading to the greater development of African nations.

Botswana Map

Explore Botswana

Find out about some of Botswana’s key attractions, such as the Okavango Delta and other places of interest, such as the capital city, Gaborone.


Africa has some of the most distinctive cuisines and flavours in the world. Food varies widely, but there are commonalities across regions. Depending on what's grown locally, dishes are also influenced by the traders, immigrants and rulers who settled across the continent. Arab, Asian and European elements blend in with traditional African cooking.

Mozambique map Maputo Inhambane, Tofo Tete Cahora Bassa Dam, River Zambezi Mueda Island of Mozambique Gorongosa National Park Limpopo National Park Archipélago das Quirimbas Lake Niassa South Africa Map Botswana Map Zimbabwe map Zambia Map Malawi map Namibia map Angola map DR Congo Map Tanzania map