Sudan is one of the least visited countries in Africa because of conflict in some regions over the last few decades. However, it has some amazing attractions and cities full of culture and tradition. Discover some interesting sites in Sudan.

Agriculture & Famine

A quarter of the population of sub-Saharan Africa is undernourished and famines can impact whole regions.

Land is available to grow more food locally, but investment is needed in  technologies such as irrigation for land to be used effectively. Farmers must also adapt to climate change if they are to feed the continent's rising population.


Across the rest of the world, absolute poverty has halved over recent decades, but in Africa it has barely fallen.

About two-fifths of the population of sub-Saharan Africa survive week by week on what someone in the UK earns from just one hour's work on the minimum wage.

Games & Sport

Africa is home to arguably the oldest-recorded games and sports. While some are only known through archaeology, modern-day games and sports such as Mancala/Mankala and Nubian wrestling are very much alive today.

Of course, new sports have come along to claim the attention of Africans. You may have heard of one - it's called football.


Around one in six children born in sub-Saharan Africa don't live to see their fifth birthday and life can be tough for those who do.

What are the common challenges facing African children and how do their lives compare with those of children in the UK?

Port Sudan

Founded by the British in 1909 as the terminus for the railway, Port Sudan is now a modern port. Most of the nation’s exports (e.g. oil, cotton) are shipped out to markets from here. Port Sudan also acts as a destination point for tourists who come for the beaches and coral reefs of the Red Sea coast.


Situated in the middle of barren desert, El-Obeid is the main city of the North Kordofan region. It is an important centre for the gum Arabic industry.


Once the powerful centre of ancient Nubia, Dongola is now known for its palm groves and September date harvest.


The Blue and White Niles meet in North Sudan. They join together to form the River Nile, which then flows northwards towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.


Africa has a high number of communicable diseases, which place a huge burden on healthcare systems. The vast majority of malaria cases and HIV/AIDS-related deaths occur in Africa; these two diseases currently represent the greatest threats.

With low investment in healthcare and a severe shortage of medical staff, many countries struggle to meet the health needs of their people.

Karima/Jebel Barkal

The 100 metre hill of Jebel/Gebel Barkal lies 2km south from the town of Karima. Nearby are pyramids from the ancient Kushite kingdom (c450 BC–270 BC). The remains of the Temple of Amun lie at the bottom of the hill (photo courtesy of


The first humans are thought to have lived in Africa and powerful African empires formed from the medieval age onwards.

However, today's African nations were shaped by the European powers who colonised this vast continent. Having gained their independence, many African countries are still coming to terms with the legacy left by their colonisers.


‘People are the real wealth of a nation.’ This is the belief of the United Nations, whose Millenium Development Goals provide a framework for improving the lives of millions.

It helps when nations are peaceful, stable and growing economically. But where even the poorest countries focus on health, education and creating fairer societies, more Africans have the chance of a better life.


This town became an important trading centre in the 18th century. It was the starting point of the caravan route known as the ‘forty days road’. From here, camels carried ebony, spices, cloths and ivory from all parts of Africa to the bazaars of Egypt. African slaves were also taken along this route.


Africa is a massive continent, with a range of climates. Some regions are hot and dry, like the Sahara, Kalahari and Namib deserts. Other parts are wet or covered in tropical rainforest. Conditions also vary by altitude, from the dry salt pans of the Danakil Depression (one of the lowest points on earth) to the snowcaps (at certain times) of the highest mountains. Weather-wise, Africa has it all!

Wadi Halfa

The northern town of Wadi Halfa lies on Lake Nasser. Visitors to North Sudan can travel down the lake from Egypt on a weekly ferry which docks at Wadi Halfa.

Chad map

Explore Chad

Explore the map of Chad to find out more about some of the country's geographical features and cities.

Ethiopia map

Explore Ethiopia

Discover Ethiopia and explore some of the main cities, towns, wildlife and famous landmarks.


Africa has some of the most distinctive cuisines and flavours in the world. Food varies widely, but there are commonalities across regions. Depending on what's grown locally, dishes are also influenced by the traders, immigrants and rulers who settled across the continent. Arab, Asian and European elements blend in with traditional African cooking.


Khartoum became the administrative capital in 1834. Sacked twice during the 19th century (by the Sudanese and then the British), the old centre was rebuilt in 1898. North Khartoum grew as an industrial area and Omdurman developed as a commercial area. Khartoum is now three cities in one.


Conflict is still ongoing in Darfur. In this region, minority (mainly non-Muslim) groups want more freedom and object to being ruled by Islamic laws.

Geography & Wildlife

With its varied geography and diverse habits, the African continent is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Though famous for its 'big game' animals, Africa has huge numbers of fish, mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian and insect species, as well as many tree, plant and flower species.


A woman’s status varies by country and region across Africa. In many parts, women struggle against inequality in laws, education, pay and domestic responsibilities.

Women’s health is also at risk from traditional practices such as early marriage. But with better education, girls can make more informed choices, leading to the greater development of African nations.


The ruins of the royal city of Meroe (from the time of the second Kushite kindgom, 270BC-350AD) can be found 40km north of the historic trading centre of Shendi. As at Jebel Barkal, small pointed pyramids stand where the kings of Meroe were buried.

The Hala’ib Triangle

The Hala’ib Triangle is located on the Red Sea’s African coast and borders both North Sudan and Egypt.  It is a disputed region with both countries claiming it as their land.

Sudan map Dongola Wadi Halfa Karima/Jebel Barkal Port Sudan Shendi/Meroe Khartoum El-Obeid Nile El-Fasher The Hala’ib Triangle Ethiopia map Darfur Chad map