Prayer time with Mojtaba

Mojtaba is a Muslim and he takes his religion very seriously. He is a faithful worshipper.

In Sudan, the majority of the population is Muslim. Part of the Muslim faith involves praying to Allah (the Arabic word for God) five times a day; at noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, nightfall and dawn.

In Islamic countries, times are signalled by the call to prayer, which is broadcast from the mosques. The call to prayer is known as the adhan and the person who calls it, is the muezzin.


Before prayer, a Muslim should be in a state of ritual purity. This is why Mojtaba washes his hands, mouth, face, arms and feet three times.

Praying is also performed in a very specific way, as Mojtaba demonstrates. At prayer times, the mosque would normally be full of people. The old, young, rich and poor stand side by side. It is a time when differences do not exist. All people are the same and they all face the same way – towards Mecca (the most sacred place in Islam).

Muslims perform the same actions when they pray, reciting the same words and at the same time as others. This connects Muslims to each other.

Because the Muslim prayers include repetitions and cycles of prayer (known as rak'ahs). Mojtaba counts using his fingers. Some Muslims use prayer beads, particularly for special prayers which involve even more counting.