Welcome to Sudan
“Welcome to Sudan. I am Mojtaba Abdelah.
You can find out more about Sudan. It has a lot to offer. I live in Khartoum, Sudan’s capital and largest city. It is here where you can see the Blue and White Nile meet.
I want to go to university. It's my ambition to be a businessman. I enjoy reading history and English books. School is very important. Without it, I will not learn enough to enable me to go to university. University will give me a better chance of achieving my dream of becoming a businessman.
I like sports. I prefer to watch rather than play football. It is swimming which is my favourite hobby. I swim with my friends in the school holidays. Playing sports makes you healthy and handsome. The most famous Sudanese sportsman (and my favourite) is Abubaker Kaki, a 800 metre runner."
Mojtaba lives in a youth house and is known by his friends as 'CC'. CC stands for cubic centimeter. He was given this name because he was the skinniest boy at school.
It was not so long ago Mojtaba was very ill with malaria, one of the biggest killers in Africa. Luckily he received good medical care and was fighting fit after rest, support and love from his family.
Mojtaba loves socialising with his friends, enjoys his school life and spending time with his family. He is passionate about his country and its culture.
Much of Sudan is too dry for crops, so raising livestock is an important activity. Millions of cattle, sheep and goats are kept across the country.
Cash crops in Sudan include peanuts, sesame seeds and cotton. Cotton is the second highest earning crop. Most of the cotton is grown south of Khartoum, in the El Gezira region between the Blue and White Niles.
Sudan is the world’s largest producer of gum arabic. This is a natural resin which comes from the acacia trees growing across the central belt. The gum can be used as a glue on stamps or in inks and paints. But it is most valued for its use in foods such sweets and fizzy drinks.
The country’s recent history has been marred by civil war between the mainly-Muslim north (now Sudan) and the Christian/animist south (now South Sudan). In July 2011, these separated into two countries.
Sudan is one of the least-visited countries in Africa because of conflict in the region over the last few decades. In 2009, only 420,000 people arrived in either Sudan or South Sudan.
The Nile is very important in Sudan for watering crops and producing power. Most of the major towns and cities therefore lie along the river, including Khartoum.
Many refugees earn a living by offering cups of tea and coffee to passers-by on the streets. They often set up along the banks of the Nile. This is where business people take their breaks and families go for outings.