Welcome to Tanzania
An attractive destination
Tanzania’s economy has been growing steadily over the last few decades.
However, many Tanzanians still rely on traditional farming and agriculture and the country remains a poor one. But sectors such as mining and tourism are increasingly important. Foreign visitors are attracted by the beauty of Tanzania’s natural environments and its famous animal kingdoms.
Find out more about Tanzania by clicking on the topic tiles and features.
In the 21st century, Tanzania’s economy has been growing steadily, mostly at rates of 6% or 7% each year.
Gold is the country’s most valuable export and other important sources of national income are gemstones such as tanzanite, diamonds and tin.
Many Tanzanians are involved in agriculture, often as subsistence farmers where they grow food for their families. The main foods grown for the domestic market are maize/corn, cassava, beans, rice and bananas.
In 2002, the Tanzanian government introduced free primary education for all pupils, raising the number of children enrolled at primary school to nearly 100%.
Though large cities such as Dar es Salaam are growing, nearly three-quarters of Tanzania’s population live in rural areas.
As well as the mainland, Tanzania includes the low-lying coral-bound islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Matia.
With its varied topography, landscapes and habitats, Tanzania has over 400 species of fauna among the country’s estimated 4 million wild animals.
Merchants from around the world have travelled to the Tanzanian coast for many thousands of years to trade in goods such as gold, ivory and spices.
There are over 120 different ethnic groups among Tanzania’s population, but unlike in other African countries, most people identify themselves as Tanzanian first and foremost.
High levels of poverty and malnutrition, coupled with the threat of many diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS, mean that Tanzanians on average only live to 55.
Tanzania’s tourist industry revolves around its spectacular wildlife and over a third of the country has been set aside for nature. The Serengeti is probably the most famous wildlife area.