Many visitors to Uganda come to catch a glimpse of the rare mountain gorilla. These animals can be found in their natural habitat at the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest (shown on the map) and in the Mgahinga National Park at the most southwesterly point of the country. Apart from its waterfall, Murchison Falls is known for its forest communities of chimpanzees. Have a look around the map and see other places of interest.

Games & Sport

Africa is home to arguably the oldest-recorded games and sports. While some are only known through archaeology, modern-day games and sports such as Mancala/Mankala and Nubian wrestling are very much alive today.

Of course, new sports have come along to claim the attention of Africans. You may have heard of one - it's called football.

Rwenzori Mountains & National Park

The Rwenzori range includes Africa’s third highest peak, Mount Margherita (at 5,109 m). The mist-shrouded equatorial forest is home to a huge range of wildlife, including forest elephants, chimpanzees and over 550 species of birds. Higher up, the montane slopes support giant versions of lobelia, bamboo and heather. This flora is sometimes known as ‘Afro-Alpine’ vegetation.

Kampala

Originally built across 7 hills, Uganda’s modern and bustling capital now sprawls across more than 20. Home to nearly 1.6 million people, Kampala is the social and economic hub of the country and has a high-rise city centre. For tourists, the National Museum and Kasubi Hill are the main attractions, though the former royal residence at Kasubi is being rebuilt following a fire in 2010.

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest

Though Uganda boasts 10 major national parks, Bwindi is often considered to be the star attraction because of its inhabitants – the famous mountain gorillas. But it is also home to many primates, elephants, rare giant forest hogs, 350 species of birds and an array of butterflies. The forest boasts more than 160 species of tree and over 100 fern species.

Lake Victoria

Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest freshwater lake. Set in a basin roughly 250km in diameter, it is shared between Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. Once home to a huge population of indigenous fish, the waters are now dominated by the Nile perch.

Murchison Falls & National Park

Before Lake Albert, the Victoria Nile flows through a seven-metre wide gorge and then plunges over Murchison Falls. A popular tourist destination, visitors also come to see the wildlife in the Murchison Park conservation area, which includes lions, elephants, buffalo and giraffe.

Entebbe

Visitors fly into Uganda’s international airport at Entebbe. But for those interested in nature, this town along the edge of Lake Victoria also offers a century-old botanical garden and lagoons which attract an abundance of birdlife, including waders and raptors.

Lake Albert

Lake Albert is the second largest lake in Uganda and the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo runs through its centre.

Mount Elgon

This mountain (4321 metres) in the east of Uganda is an extinct volcano. However, there are still springs warm enough for bathing at the top. But be warned – it’s a five-day trek to get there.

DR Congo Map

Explore DR Congo

Click the map points and find out more about some of the country's key towns, rivers and wildlife areas, many of which have National Park status.

Development

‘People are the real wealth of a nation.’ This is the belief of the United Nations, whose Millenium Development Goals provide a framework for improving the lives of millions.

It helps when nations are peaceful, stable and growing economically. But where even the poorest countries focus on health, education and creating fairer societies, more Africans have the chance of a better life.

Poverty

Across the rest of the world, absolute poverty has halved over recent decades, but in Africa it has barely fallen.

About two-fifths of the population of sub-Saharan Africa survive week by week on what someone in the UK earns from just one hour's work on the minimum wage.

Children

Around one in six children born in sub-Saharan Africa don't live to see their fifth birthday and life can be tough for those who do.

What are the common challenges facing African children and how do their lives compare with those of children in the UK?

Climate

Africa is a massive continent, with a range of climates. Some regions are hot and dry, like the Sahara, Kalahari and Namib deserts. Other parts are wet or covered in tropical rainforest. Conditions also vary by altitude, from the dry salt pans of the Danakil Depression (one of the lowest points on earth) to the snowcaps (at certain times) of the highest mountains. Weather-wise, Africa has it all!

Agriculture & Famine

A quarter of the population of sub-Saharan Africa is undernourished and famines can impact whole regions.

Land is available to grow more food locally, but investment is needed in  technologies such as irrigation for land to be used effectively. Farmers must also adapt to climate change if they are to feed the continent's rising population.

Foods

Africa has some of the most distinctive cuisines and flavours in the world. Food varies widely, but there are commonalities across regions. Depending on what's grown locally, dishes are also influenced by the traders, immigrants and rulers who settled across the continent. Arab, Asian and European elements blend in with traditional African cooking.

Kenya Map

Explore Kenya

Kenya is a popular tourist destination because of its many national parks and game reserves. Discover a little more about some of these.

The map also has a few of Kenya's key towns and cities. As well as being a hub for business, the capital Nairobi, has one of the largest slums in Africa, Kibera.

Tanzania map

Explore Tanzania

Explore some interesting places in Tanzania, including the capital and four of the country’s 40 national parks and game reserves.

Karamoja region

The Karamoja region in north eastern Uganda (made up of the Kotido, Moroto, Nakapiripirit, Katakwi, Kaabong, Abim, Kapchorwa and Bukwa Distsricts) is still considered dangerous for travellers. With its arid landscape, poverty and underdevelopment, the region suffers from banditry and instability.

Rwanda map

Explore Rwanda

Discover some of Rwanda’s key attractions, cities and places of interest. Kigali is the capital city and is currently undergoing a lot of redevelopment. Rwanda boasts some amazing wildlife reserves including the Volcanoes National Park. Here you can see mountain gorillas among many other animals.

Health

Africa has a high number of communicable diseases, which place a huge burden on healthcare systems. The vast majority of malaria cases and HIV/AIDS-related deaths occur in Africa; these two diseases currently represent the greatest threats.

With low investment in healthcare and a severe shortage of medical staff, many countries struggle to meet the health needs of their people.

History

The first humans are thought to have lived in Africa and powerful African empires formed from the medieval age onwards.

However, today's African nations were shaped by the European powers who colonised this vast continent. Having gained their independence, many African countries are still coming to terms with the legacy left by their colonisers.

Geography & Wildlife

With its varied geography and diverse habits, the African continent is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Though famous for its 'big game' animals, Africa has huge numbers of fish, mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian and insect species, as well as many tree, plant and flower species.

Women

A woman’s status varies by country and region across Africa. In many parts, women struggle against inequality in laws, education, pay and domestic responsibilities.

Women’s health is also at risk from traditional practices such as early marriage. But with better education, girls can make more informed choices, leading to the greater development of African nations.

Uganda MapKaramoja regionKenya MapKampalaEntebbeLake AlbertLake VictoriaBwindi Impenetrable ForestRwenzori Mountains & National ParkRwenzori Mountains & National ParkMount ElgonMurchison Falls & National ParkRwanda mapDR Congo MapTanzania map